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3. Terezin Memorial and Lidice village

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In 1942, when Czech paratroopers stationed in Britain assassinated SS Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich, the highest-ranking officer in the Czech lands, the Nazis focused their anger on village called Lidice. No one knows for sure why Hitler chose Lidice, but this town was rumored to have accommodated the assassins, and someone had to pay. The Gestapo leveled the town and murdered its men. Women and children were taken to concentration camps. In 1948 the Czech government built here a memorial of all victims of this revenge.

Terezin (Theresienstadt in German) was built as a fortress town by Josef II., a son of Maria Theresa, to protect the country from the North, from Prusian attacks in the second half of 18th century. The town itself (Big Fortress) was changed into a ghetto for the Jews during WW2 and the Small Fortress (part of the fortification system, used for the military in the past) in a Gestapo prison where political opponents of various nationalities were imprisoned. Terezín wasn't used to exterminate the Jews, Gypsies and gays, it was meant as a transit camp by the occupying Nazi forces. Majority of the Jews were transported from Terezin to the death camps, mainly to Auschwitz and Treblinka where they died; but many others, both the Jews and political prisoners died in Terezin because of appalling living conditions and torturing of guards. Terezín will be always recalled as a tragic symbol of the sufferings of the tens of thousands of innocent people.
Walking on flat smooth surfaces, and little bit downhill.

Admission:
Lidice Memorial Museum
: adults 90 CZK
Terezin Small Fortress and the Museum of Ghetto + Magdeburg Barracks: adults 210 CZK

wikipedia
Theresienstadt concentration camp, Terezin, Lidice

Interesting links: www.pamatnik-terezin.cz, www.lidice-memorial.cz

1000 Czech Wonders   Wonders of Czech Rep
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FULLY PRIVATE TRIP (price for private guide service and driver, entrance fees paid separately)
Duration
1 - 2 people + guide. Price per group
3 - 6 people + guide. Price per group
Bigger group
8 hours
All year round
6 500 CZK (250 EUR*)
Guide 3 600 + driver/car 2 900 CZK

7 300 CZK (280 EUR*)
Guide 3 600 + driver/minibus 3 700 CZK

Upon request
  * EUR count is approximate and can alter depending on actual exchange rates  
 
Katka recommends
 
"A village what dissapeared from maps in June 1942 will remain in minds of Czechs forever..."
 
Bronze monument of children in Lidice
Terezin Memorial
Terezin Memorial
Bronze monument of children in Lidice
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